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30-Oct-2019 08:07

It consists of a set of helping actions which are systematically undertaken in order to reduce initial post-trauma distress and to support short- and long-term adaptive functioning and coping.

Based on the principle of “do no harm”, it is provided increasingly by members of the general population, although mental health professionals are almost always involved as well (Ruzek et al, 2007; Brymer et al, 2006; The Australian Psychological Society and the Australian Red Cross, 2010). Psychological First Aid includes basic common sense principles to promote normal recovery.

The rate of PTSD occurring in survivors of technological and human-made disasters ranges from 29% to 54%, while rates of PTSD for natural disasters are lower: between 4 and 8% (Norris, Friedman, Watson, Byrne, Diaz, & Kaniasty, 2002).

Some studies have found that impairment from being in a disaster can go on for years (Briere & Elliott, 2000; Crace, Creen, Lindy, & Leonard, 1993).

Yet despite a widely recognised need to provide immediate help for trauma survivors, there is little research consensus about how best to assist individuals during those first hours and days after their experiences (Ruzek et al, 2007).

The field of disaster relief has continued to be plagued by difficulties investigating the question of, “What intervention is best?

Imagine for a moment that you are a survivor of a powerful cyclone.

The core skill is active listening, the skill at the heart of most therapeutic techniques, but also the first skill learned in any interpersonal or communication skills program.

It now constitutes a crucial aspect of responding to and recovering from a destructive or disruptive event.

Psychological First Aid is an evidence-informed modular means of providing psychosocial support to individuals and families immediately after a disaster, terrorist or traumatic event, or other emergency.

Lifetime prevalence for being exposed to a natural disaster is about 20% (Briere & Elliott, 2000; Kessler et al, 1995).

In a study of 60,000 disaster survivors, between 18% and 21% indicated “severe” to “very severe” impairment.

The core skill is active listening, the skill at the heart of most therapeutic techniques, but also the first skill learned in any interpersonal or communication skills program.

It now constitutes a crucial aspect of responding to and recovering from a destructive or disruptive event.

Psychological First Aid is an evidence-informed modular means of providing psychosocial support to individuals and families immediately after a disaster, terrorist or traumatic event, or other emergency.

Lifetime prevalence for being exposed to a natural disaster is about 20% (Briere & Elliott, 2000; Kessler et al, 1995).

In a study of 60,000 disaster survivors, between 18% and 21% indicated “severe” to “very severe” impairment.

The building which housed your family business, along with thousands of dollars of stock, was also obliterated.